# 程序代写代做代考 FES 844b / STAT 660b 2003

FES 844b / STAT 660b 2003

STAT660/FES758b
Multivariate Statistics

Homework #6 OPTION B: Factor Analysis
Due : Wednesday, 4/26/17 – Submit on CANVAS by midnight

You should answer the questions below for the Ohio Crime Dataset, OR you
should analyze them for your own data (all the better!). You may need to modify
the questions I ask as appropriate – use your good statistical judgment. There
are examples in the notes of how to use SAS, SPSS, and R for Factor Analysis.

A 1996 mail survey in Ohio evaluated attitudes towards crime, treatment of
offenders, as well as other demographic/attitudinal information. We will use
factor analysis to evaluate 3 sets of questions asked as part of the survey to
identify latent factors. The following files contain information for this analysis :

Ohiocrime.xls : contains data for 43 questions. Each question is

measured on a six point scale.

OhioCrimeQuestions.pdf : Word document containing information on
on conduct of survey)

OhioCrime.pdf (optional) : a more complete description of the dataset,
with information on other questions, etc. that we will not use in this
analysis.

Your goal is to identify latent factors which explain correlations observed
between relevant variables.

1) Look through indicators (questions). Think about which indicators might
be related through latent factors. (nothing to turn in here)

2) Compute the correlation matrix between all indicators (you may want to

do this in batches). Comment on relationships you do/do not observe.

3) Compute KMO or other measure (i.e. just look at matrix produced above)
to comment on suitability of data for factor analysis.

4) Use Principle Components (or appropriate option in Factor Analysis) to

decide on a number of latent factors. You can use Scree Plot,
eigenvalue>1, or parallel analysis.

NOTE : I DO NOT recommend eigenvalue>1 for the crime attitude data set. Use
scree plot elbow or parallel analysis. The relevant parallel analysis values are

provided below (based on 488 observations without missing data and 43
variables) :

LONGMAN ALLEN

1.592104 1.715118

1.519501 1.656772

1.473414 1.614956

1.443388 1.57978

1.406284 1.550125

1.373723 1.5253

1.344394 1.50854

1.316281 1.498921

1.292872 1.486652

1.265411 1.479616

5) Perform a series of factor analyses using orthogonal models. First, try at
least two extraction methods (choose from Principle Components,
Principle Axis Factoring, Iterative Principle Components, Maximum
Likelihood). Use some method for comparing extraction methods to
choose a ‘best’ method (i.e. RMSR or # residuals greater than .05).

6) Once you’ve chosen an extraction method, try a varimax and/or a

quartimax rotation. Pick one of these rotations and discuss the
interpretation of the final factors. Make one or more loading plots as
appropriate.