# 程序代写代做代考 THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER MACROECONOMIC ANALYSIS Semester 1 2020/21

THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER MACROECONOMIC ANALYSIS Semester 1 2020/21
INSTRUCTIONS SPECIFIC TO THIS EXAM:
• Answer ONE question from Section A and TWO questions from Section B. Each section is worth 50 points.
• Please submit typed responses. Hand-drawn diagrams are acceptable. Alterna- tively, you may write all your answers by hand and scan them into PDF format. Either way, you must include the cover page provided on Blackboard.
• Ensure that your answers are legible and the scanned image is clear.
• Students are not permitted to discuss their answers with other students before
submission.
• Candidates are expected to demonstrate to the examiners a competent knowledge
of all computations.
• Candidates are also advised that the examiners attach considerable importance to
the clarity with which answers are expressed.
⃝c The University of Manchester, 2020/21 Page 1 of 3
ECON60111

t tt+1 θt tt+1 t πt = βEt[πt+1] + κ(yt − ytn)
ECON60111
1. Growth, saving and real interest rate
Thomas Piketty, in Capital in the Twenty-First Century, argues that a fall in the growth rate of the economy is likely to lead to an increase in the difference between the real interest rate and the growth rate. This problem asks you to investigate this issue in the context of the Ramsey-Cass-Koopmans (RCK) model. Specifically, consider a RCK economy that is on its balanced growth path, and suppose there is a permanent fall in g.
(a) How, if at all, does this affect the k ̇ = 0 and c ̇ = 0 curves? Illustrate the change in these curves in a diagram and give economic intuition. (10 points)
(b) At the time of the change, does c rise, fall, or stay the same, or is it not possible to tell? What about in the long run? Explain. (10 points)
(c) At the time of the change, does r − g rise, fall, or stay the same, or is it not possible to tell? What about in the long run? Explain. (10 points)
(d) Letting s = [f(k∗)−c∗]/f(k∗) denote the fraction of output that is saved on the balanced growth path, find an expression for ∂s/∂g. Can you tell whether this expression is positive or negative? Explain. (10 points)
(e) For the case where the production function is Cobb-Douglas, f(k) = kα, rewrite your answer to part (d) in terms of ρ, n, g, θ, and α. (Hint: use the fact that
f′(k∗) = ρ + θg.)
2. Optimal Monetary Policy
where (uIS,yn) are stochastic shocks and yn is the natural level of output. Suppose ttt
central bank sets the nominal interest rate it according to
it = rtn + φπEt[πt+1] (3)
where rtn is the economy’s natural rate of interest. Let y ̃t = yt − ytn.
(a) Show that Equations (1), (2) and (3) can be written, in matrix form, as
Consider the following variant of the canonical New Keynesian model: y =E[y ]−1(i −E[π ])+uIS
(10 points)
(1) (2)
 y ̃   E y ̃   π   E π 
 1  κ
(1 − φ )/θ  π
t =A tt+1 ,A=
ttt+1 π
(4) Carefully explain each step of your derivation. (10 points)
2 of 3
β + κ(1 − φ )/θ 

(b) What does the system of equations, given by Equation (4), simplify to when φπ = 1? What are the eigenvalues of the matrix A in this case? (10 points)
(c) Suppose we look for self-fulfilling movements in y ̃ and π of the form πt = λtZ, y ̃t =cλtZ,|λ|≤1. Whenφπ =1,forwhatvaluesofλandcdoessucha solution satisfy Equation (4)? Thus, what form do the self-fulfilling movements in inflation and output take? (20 points)
(d) Suppose φπ is slightly (that is, infinitesimally) greater than 1. Are both eigen- values inside the unit circle? Is it possible for there to be self-fulfilling equilibria?
Why or why not?
(10 points)