CS计算机代考程序代写 assembler SP 2021 CSE 2421 LAB 5 Assigned: Thursday, March 11th

SP 2021 CSE 2421 LAB 5 Assigned: Thursday, March 11th
Early Due Date: Tuesday, March 16th, noon Due: Wednesday, March 17th , by 11:30 p.m.
– learnhowtousegdbwithanassemblerprogram
– learnhowdifferentregistersizesaffectresults
– understandhowthemovX,movzXXandmovsXXinstructionswork
– understand how the pushX and popX instructions work (and which ones don’t) – observeconditionflagsbeingset
– observeshifting(left,rightarithmetic,rightlogical)happen
 This is an individual lab. No partners are permitted
 You should aim to always hand an assignment in on time or early. If you are late (even by a minute or less), you will receive 75% of your earned points for the designated grade as long as the assignment is submitted by 11:30 pm the following day, based on the due date given above. If you are more than 24 hours late, you will receive a zero for the assignment and your assignment will not be graded at all.
 Since this lab includes the source code, you do not have to worry about assembler errors or warnings. Although there should not be any.
1. Pull out your copy of Bryant/O’Halloran. Read the first paragraph of section 3.3 (Data Formats) and check out Figure 3.1. Note the different choices for the suffix of assembler instructions. Then, read section 3.4.2 with special attention to the information in Figures 3.4, 3.5, and 3.6. In addition, take a look at Figure 3.10. If you do not do this reading assignment, the rest of this lab will be harder to figure out.
2. Recall that, in class, we said in class that the movX (where X is q, l, w, or b) instruction is more like a copy instruction than a move.
3. Download from Piazza a copy of the file lab5.s and then do the following:
A. Create a lab5Readme file from the template supplied on Piazza.
B. Use gcc –g –lc –m64 –o lab5 lab5.s to assemble the code.
C. Create as large a window on stdlinux as you can. This is important.
D. Have a copy of the lab5Readme file beside you so that you can fill in the values of the

registers as each instruction executes. IMPORTANT: Remember that you are being asked what the values are for registers *AFTER* the instruction on the line executes. Note that the question is asking for the value of the 8-byte register no matter what the suffixes on the instruction are.
E. EVEN MORE IMPORTANT: specify all register values in hexadecimal unless another format is specifically asked for. Each 2 hexadecimal values represent the bits in a single byte of the 8-byte register. Observing what bits change in which bytes of the 8-byte value as each instruction executes is necessary to your understanding of what we will be doing for the rest of the term and your ability to be successful.
F. Bring up gdb debugger using the command gdb lab5.
G. Set a breakpoint using: break Label1
H. Start the program using: run
I. When the program stops, say tui reg general so that you can see all of the registers.
J. Use the step or next command to move forward one assembler instruction at a time. As you
do so, observe how the values in the %rip register change. Is it consistent between each
instruction? Is it consistent between each instruction of the same type?
K. You should be able to see the contents of all 16 integer registers and how they change as you
execute each assembler instruction.
L. Note the suffix of each instruction as it executes as well as the way each specific register is
referenced. Then, write the contents of %rax (or %rdx), in hexadecimal within the lab5Readme file in the appropriate location. Keep in mind that %rax is an 8-byte register, so each value you record should be an 8-byte value. Take care to recognize unprinted leading 0’s if the gdb display does not print an 8-byte value (16 hexadecimal values. For example, 0xffffffff as a value in an 8-byte register is really 0x00000000ffffffff). Note what changes within each 8-byte register as instructions with suffixes other than ‘q’ are used.
M. Delete the comment # in front of the first 4 x86-64 instructions and try to reassemble the program. What happens?
N. Put the comment # back in front of those first 4 x86-64 instructions and then delete the comment # in front of the second 4 x86-64 instructions. Try to reassemble the program. What happens? Is the error message consistent? What do you think this means with respect to the push/pop instructions with suffixes ‘b’ and ‘l’?
O. Answer the questions/write the required paragraphs at the end of the lab5Readme template.
Create a lab5Readme file using the lab5Readme template available on Piazza. Complete the answers to all of the questions within the comments on the right side of each instruction and also the questions at the bottom of the file.
For lab 5 the only file that you have to submit is lab5Readme. A copy of the lab5Readme template is available on Piazza. Since it is a Word file, please submit it in either Word or PDF format.

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