# 程序代写代做代考 compiler CS 1313 010: Programming for Non-majors, Spring 2017

CS 1313 010: Programming for Non-majors, Spring 2017
Programming Project #2: Census

Due by 10:20am Wednesday February 15 2017

This second assignment will introduce you to designing, developing, testing and debugging your
own C program, as well as to declaring variables, inputting and outputting. You will also learn to

I. PROBLEM DESCRIPTION

You are a software developer for the United States Census Bureau, working on software for the
2020 Census.

The particular program that you’re developing will ask three questions about a census subject:

1. the average number of servings of fruit that the subject eats per day;
2. the average number of math problems that the subject solves per week;
3. the subject’s birth weight in pounds and ounces, to the nearest ounce.

Notice that the average number of servings of fruit that the subject eats per day MIGHT NOT BE
AN INTEGER; for example, a person might average 4.75 servings of fruit per day. Likewise, the
person might average 11.5 math problems solved per week.

Note that a number that doesn’t have to be an integer is known in mathematics as a real number,
and is also known in computing as a floating point number.

Notice that a person’s birth weight can be expressed as two integer quantities, with the pounds
followed by “lb” and the ounces followed by “oz” — for example, 5 pounds 6 ounces can be
expressed as:

5 lb 6 oz

So, this program will have a user input two real quantities (average number of servings of fruit
eaten per day, average number of math problems solved per week). and two integer quantities (the
parts of their birth weight).

Write a program to perform the above task. Note that your program MUST begin with a declaration
section in which you declare all necessary variables. This will be followed by the execution section
(body), which will:

1. greet the user and explain what the program does, and then
2. prompt the user and input the four quantities, and then
3. output the four quantities.

Remember, every word Dr. Neeman writes down is PURE GOLD.

IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT!!!
This programming project specification contains many small code examples. In most cases, these
code examples will be extremely useful in your actual PP#2. We urge you to use them.

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II. WHAT TO DO FIRST: Insert the New Project Into Your Makefile

AS THE VERY FIRST STEP, insert the new program into your makefile, so that, when you’re
ready to compile your new program, you can use make instead of having to use the gcc com-
mand directly (which would risk disaster).

Your C source file MUST be named census.c, and your executable MUST be named census.

Using your preferred text editor (for example, nano), edit your makefile to include the following
lines at the TOP of the makefile, ABOVE the make entry for Programming Project #1 (PP#1),
with a blank line between the entries for PP#2 and PP#1:

census: census.c
gcc -o census census.c

IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT!!!

• DON’T DELETE THE MAKE ENTRY FOR PROGRAMMING PROJECT #1, nor
any other make entry, EVER.
• On the first line, above, between the colon and the name of the C source file, there are one

or more tabs (on most keyboards, it’s in the upper left, to the left of the Q key). There are
NO SPACES between the colon and the filename.
• On the second line, immediately before the gcc, there are one or more tabs. There are NO

SPACES immediately before the gcc.

IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT!!!
Also in the makefile, alter the clean entry (the bottommost entry in the makefile) by putting in
another rm command, like so:

clean:
rm -f my_number
rm -f census

NOTES:

• DON’T DELETE THE rm COMMAND FOR PROGRAMMING PROJECT #1, nor
any other rm command, EVER.
• In the new rm command, above, immediately before the rm, there are one or more tabs.

There are NO SPACES immediately before the rm.
• NEVER put ANYTHING on the same line as clean: regardless of what it may be that

you want to put there. LEAVE THAT LINE COMPLETELY ALONE!
IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT!!!
In the clean entry, the file to be removed with the rm should ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS
be the EXECUTABLE and should NEVER NEVER NEVER be a source file.

NOTE: You MUST use the lecture slide packets titled “C Introduction,” “Variables” and “Standard
I/O” to complete this project. You should study every single slide CAREFULLY. You can also
look at the “Software” and “Constants” packets, but the bulk of the crucial information will be in
the “C Introduction,” “Variables” and “Standard I/O” packets.

A detailed description of the program follows.

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III. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PROGRAM

HOW TO EDIT A FILE THAT DOESN’T EXIST YET

As noted above, your C source file for PP#2 MUST be named census.c, and your executable
MUST be named census.

But when you start working on PP#2, the C source file named census.c doesn’t exist yet.

Question: If a file doesn’t exist yet, how can you edit it?

Answer: Pretend that the file already exists, and edit it just as if that were true. The first time you
save what you’re editing, the file will come to exist.

IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT!!!
When you’re editing a file, remember to save your work OFTEN, preferably every few minutes.

A. BASIC STRUCTURE OF THE PROGRAM

OTHER THAN COMMENTS (see Grading Criteria, below), the program MUST begin with the
following preprocessor directive:

#include

OTHER THAN COMMENTS (see Grading Criteria, below), the program MUST then have the
main function header, followed on the next line by the main function block open, and, AT THE
END OF THE PROGRAM, the main function block close on a line by itself.

The main function block open and the main function block close will each have, following it on
its same line, a blank space, followed by the comment open delimiter, followed by a blank space,
followed by the word main in all lower case, followed by a blank space, followed by the comment
close delimiter.

So the basic structure of the program, OTHER THAN COMMENTS (see Grading Criteria, be-
low), will look like this:

#include

int main ()
{ /* main */

} /* main */

INSIDE the main function — that is, between the block open and the block close of the main
function — FIRST should be the declaration section, FOLLOWED BY the execution section
(body) of the program, IN THAT ORDER.

B. STRUCTURE OF THE DECLARATION SECTION

In the declaration section, OTHER THAN COMMENTS (see Grading Criteria, below), FIRST
should be ALL float variable declarations, FOLLOWED BY ALL int variable declarations.

If you wish, you may put multiple variables of the SAME DATA TYPE in the same declaration
statement, or you may use an individual declaration statement for each variable, or you may do
some of each.

A detailed description of the execution section (body) follows.

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C. STRUCTURE OF THE EXECUTION SECTION (BODY)

The EXECUTION SECTION (BODY) of the program MUST have the following structure and
MUST be in the following order — interleaving these pieces is ABSOLUTELY FORBIDDEN:

1. Greeting Subsection: Your program MUST begin by outputting a helpful message telling
the user what the program does. This message may be a single line of output text, or multiple
lines of output text. ALL OUTPUTS, THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE PROGRAM,
MUST BE MEANINGFUL, COMPLETE ENGLISH SENTENCES.

2. Input Subsection
(a) Input the first real (floating point) quantity:

i. Prompt the user to input the subject’s average number of servings of fruit eaten
per day.

ii. Input the subject’s average number of servings of fruit eaten per day.
(b) Input the second real (floating point) quantity:

i. Prompt the user to input the subject’s average number of math problems solved
per week.

ii. Input the subject’s average number of math problems solved per week.
(c) Input the subject’s birth weight in pounds and ounces:

i. Prompt the user to input the subject’s birth weight in pounds and ounces, as two
integers, separated by a blank space (see section V on page 6); for example,
printf(“What was the subject’s birth weight in pounds and ounces,
”);
printf(” to the nearest ounce, separated by a blank space?
”);

ii. Input the two integer quantities in the above order, using a single scanf statement
to read both of the int variables from a single line of input text.

3. Output Subsection:
(a) Output the subject’s average number of servings of fruit eaten per day. including help-

ful explanatory text; for example, the output text might look like:
The subject eats an average of 4.75 servings of fruit per day.

(b) Output the subject’s average number of math problems solved per week, including

(c) Output the subject’s birth weight in pounds and ounces, including helpful explanatory
text. This output MUST use the lb/oz notation shown on page 1. The output may con-
tain extra spaces between the numbers and the hyphens. For example, the output text
might look like:

The subject’s birth weight was 5 lb 6 oz.

We encourage you to make your comments and outputs entertaining, but not profane or offensive.

The real (floating point) quantities that you output may come out with a weird format, like so:
The subject eats an average of 4.750000 servings of fruit per day.

For runs #2 and #3, which will use values that you’ve chosen, you may see something like this:
The subject eats an average of 6.399999 servings of fruit per day.

If either of these happens, DON’T PANIC! THESE ARE NORMAL, so don’t worry about them.

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IV. ADVICE ON HOW TO WRITE A PROGRAM

When you’re writing a program:

1. write a little bit of the source code;
2. make;
3. if the make fails, then debug the source code;
4. when the make succeeds, then run;
5. if the run fails, then debug the source code;
6. when the run succeeds, then go on and write a little more, and so on.

For example, in the case of this program:

1. Start by writing the skeleton of the source code: the #include directive, the main
function header, the main function block open and block close. and appropriate comments
for these items. Then make, then run. (This run won’t be very interesting, unless the program
crashes, in which case debug it.)

2. Then, write the variable declarations, with appropriate comments. Then make, then run.
(This run won’t be very interesting, unless the program crashes, in which case debug it.)

3. Then, write the greeting subsection, with appropriate comments. Then make, then run.
4. Then, write the input subsection, with appropriate comments. Then make, then run.
5. Then, write the output subsection, with appropriate comments. Then make, then run.

Also, in your preferred text editor (for example, nano), FREQUENTLY SAVE YOUR WORK.
Specifically, we recommend that, in your preferred text editor, you SAVE YOUR WORK EVERY
FEW MINUTES. (For example, in nano, press Ctrl-O to save your work, and do this every
few minutes.)

NOTE: When you write a comment open delimiter (slash asterisk), you should IMMEDIATELY
write the comment close delimiter (asterisk slash) so that you don’t end up forgetting it later —
and then you can put the actual comment text in between.

Likewise, when you write a block open delimiter (open curly brace), you should IMMEDIATELY
write the block close delimiter (close curly brace) so that you don’t end up forgetting it later —
and then you can put the actual source code text of the main function in between.

IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT!!!
When you’re editing a file, remember to save your work OFTEN, preferably every few minutes.

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V. RUNS

In the script session that produces your script file (described below), you MUST run your program
three times. For the first run, use the following inputs:
• average number of servings of fruit eaten per day: 4.75;
• average number of math problems solved per week: 11.5;
• birth weight in pounds and ounces: 5 lb 6 oz — note that this should be input as
5 6
but it should be output as
5 lb 6 oz

IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT!!!
When you input the subject’s birth weight at runtime, YOU DON’T INPUT lb NOR oz.
Instead, you separate the pieces of the subject’s birth weight with spaces (preferred) or carriage
returns.

For the second and third runs, choose any VALID answers to these questions that you want, but
all three runs MUST have different inputs for all questions; that is, every question MUST have
different answers for each of the three runs, and all inputs within a run must differ from each other.

VI. WHAT TO SUBMIT

MUST be named pp2.txt. Use the procedure described in the Programming Project #1 speci-
fication to create your script file, except replacing census for my number and census.c
for my number.c, doing three runs using the input values that you’ve tested (section V, above).

IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT!!!
dents lose SIGNIFICANT CREDIT because of failure to proofread. Especially, CHECK YOUR
MAKE COMMANDS to be sure (a) that you did them and (b) that they worked properly.

Cover and Summary: You MUST create a cover page and a summary essay following the same
rules as in Programming Project #1.

Binding Order: You MUST bind, IN THIS ORDER, the cover page, then the summary, then
the script, then the bottom half of the extra credit form (at the very end), if applicable (see below).
Thus, for binding PP#2, follow the same rules as in PP#1.

Canvas, as you did for PP#1, but into the place for this project.

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The following grading criteria will apply to ALL CS1313 programming projects, unless explicitly
stated otherwise.

Grading Criteria for Cover Page, Summary Essay, Script File and Upload to Canvas:
The rules and grading criteria for the cover page, summary essay, script file and upload to Canvas,
as described in the Programming Project #1 specification, also apply to the cover page, summary
essay, script file and upload for Programming Project #2, and will also apply to all future Program-
ming Projects unless explicitly stated otherwise. Failure to upload the correct files to the correct
place in Canvas by the PP#2 deadline may cost you up to 5% of the total value of PP#2, right off
the top before any other deductions are applied.

IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT!!!
You MUST properly do the make clean and make census steps in your script. FAILING
TO PROPERLY DO THE make clean AND/OR make census STEPS, OR HAVING
A COMPILE FAIL DUE TO ERRORS, WILL COST YOU AT LEAST 50% THE POINTS
FOR THIS PROGRAMMING PROJECT, right off the top before any other deductions are
applied. COMPILER WARNINGS in response to the make census step — other than the
“clock skew” warning — WILL COST YOU AT LEAST 25% OF THE POINTS FOR THIS
PROGRAMMING PROJECT, right off the top before any other deductions are applied.

Grading Criteria for C Source Code
1. Documentation MUST be similar to that in my number.c, and will count for at least

10% of the total value of this project.
(a) The program MUST be preceded by a comment block, as shown in my number.c.
(b) The declaration section and the execution section (body) MUST be clearly labeled, as

shown in my number.c.
(c) Variable declarations MUST be preceded by comments explaining the nature and pur-

pose of each declared name, as shown in my number.c.
(d) Each subsection of the execution section (body) of the program — greeting, input,

output — MUST be clearly labeled, as shown in my number.c.
(e) EVERY executable statement MUST be preceded by a comment that clearly explains

what the statement does, well enough so that even a non-programmer could understand.
Exception: Multiple printf statements in a row that together output a single mes-
sage need a comment only before the first of them.

(f) ALL comments MUST use the format shown below. Specifically, the first line of the
comment MUST simply be the comment open delimiter (slash asterisk), and the last
line MUST simply be the comment close delimiter (asterisk slash). All other lines
MUST have, as their first non-blank character, an asterisk, followed by a blank space,
followed by the text of the comment. ALL of the asterisks MUST line up with the text
of the program statement that the comment describes. For example:

/*
* Output to the terminal screen the subject’s
* average number of servings of fruit eaten per day.
*/
printf(“The subject eats an average of %f servings of fruit per day.
”,

average_daily_fruit_servings_eaten);

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2. Block open/block close comments: The block open and block close for the main function
MUST each be followed, on the same line, by a comment indicating that the block that they
begin and end is the main function. Specifically, the line with the block open or the block
close MUST have the following structure: the block open or block close, followed by a
single blank space, followed by the comment open delimiter, followed by a single blank
space, followed by the keyword main, followed by a single blank space, followed by the
comment close delimiter. For example:
{ /* main */

} /* main */

3. Section order: The section order MUST be as follows: the declaration section, followed by
the executable section (body), as shown in my number.c. Therefore, ALL declarations
MUST appear BEFORE ANY executable statements.

4. Identifier structure: Identifiers such as variable names MUST be in ALL LOWER CASE,
except where upper case is appropriate as part of a proper name (for example,
population of Oklahoma). Adjacent words in an identifier MUST be separated by
an underscore.

5. Favorite professor rule for identifiers: Identifiers such as variable names MUST strictly
observe the “favorite professor” rule, as described in the lecture slides. Meaningless, obscure
or cryptic names will be penalized, as will abbreviations that aren’t in common use in non-
programming contexts.

6. Data types: EVERY variable MUST have an appropriate data type. Inappropriate data
types will be penalized.

7. Variable declaration grouping: Variable declarations MUST be grouped by data type; that
is, you MUST first declare ALL float variables, followed by ALL int variables.

8. Variable declaration statement structure MUST be as follows: the indentation, followed
by the data type, followed by one or more blank spaces, followed by the name of the variable,
followed by the statement terminator (or you may declare multiple variables in the same
declaration statement, separated by commas and with a statement terminator at the end, as
shown in the lecture slides).

9. Variable declaration spacing MUST have the following property: The first character of the
first variable name of ALL declaration statements, regardless of data type, should be in the
same column of source code text. In the case of PP#2, this means that, in a float variable
declaration, there should be EXACTLY ONE blank space after the keyword float, and
in an int variable declaration, there should be EXACTLY THREE blank spaces after the
keyword int. (In other Programming Projects, the blank space counts may differ, but the
principle will be the same.) For example:
int main ()
{ /* main */

float average_daily_fruit_servings_eaten;
float average_weekly_math_problems_solved;
int birth_weight_pounds, birth_weight_ounces;

} /* main */

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10. Multiple variables in the same declaration statement: An individual declaration state-
ment may declare multiple variables, but it is STRONGLY RECOMMENDED that this be
done only when the variables are very closely related to one another. If an individual dec-
laration statement declares multiple variables, then in its comma-separated list of variable
names, each comma MUST be followed by a single blank space, as shown in the example
just above. If the multiple variables would exceed the proper length of a line of source code
text, then the declaration statement may continue on to the next line, in which case, in the
subsequent line(s) of the declaration statement, the first variable name of each line should
line up with the first variable name of the first line of the declaration statement.

11. Indentation MUST be used properly and consistently. The #include directive and the
main function header MUST NOT BE INDENTED AT ALL (that is, they MUST begin
in the leftmost column). Likewise, the main function’s block open (open curly brace {)
and the block close (close curly brace }) MUST NOT BE INDENTED AT ALL. ALL
OTHER STATEMENTS, both declarations and executable statements, MUST be indented

#include

int main ()
{ /* main */

float average_daily_fruit_servings_eaten;

printf(“The subject eats an average of %f servings of fruit per day.
”,
average_daily_fruit_servings_eaten);

} /* main */

NOTE: If a statement uses more than one line of source code text, then the second line (and
beyond) of source code text of that statement MUST be indented farther, preferably 4 spaces
farther than the first line of the statement, as shown in the example just above.

IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT!!!
Indenting is SO INCREDIBLY IMPORTANT that it’s worth at least 10% of your over-
all score on PP#2 (A FULL LETTER GRADE)!

12. Subsection order in the execution section: In the execution section, the subsection order
MUST be as follows: the greeting subsection, followed by the input subsection, followed by
the output subsection.

13. Execution subsection contents: In the execution section: the greeting subsection is
ABSOLUTELY FORBIDDEN to contain any inputs; the only outputs that may be in the in-
put subsection are prompts for inputs; the output subsection is ABSOLUTELY FORBIDDEN
to contain any inputs.

14. The length of each line of C source code text MUST be less than 80 characters (the width
of a typical PuTTY window); 72 characters or less is preferred.

15. The length of each line of output text MUST be less than 80 characters; 72 characters or
less is preferred.

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16. printf WITHOUT placeholders: EVERY printf statement that DOESN’T con-
tain any placeholders MUST have the following structure: indentation, followed by the
word printf, followed by an open parenthesis, followed by a double quote, followed by
the text of the string literal (probably but not necessarily ending with a newline), followed
by a double quote, followed by a close parenthesis, followed by the statement terminator.
For example:

printf(“What was the subject’s birth weight in pounds and ounces,
”);
printf(” to the nearest ounce, separated by a blank space?
”);

17. printf WITH placeholders: EVERY printf statement that DOES contains one or
more placeholder(s) MUST have the following structure: indentation, followed by the word
printf, followed by an open parenthesis, followed by a double quote, followed by the text
of the string literal including placeholder(s) (probably but not necessarily ending with a new-
line), followed by a double quote, followed by a comma, followed by a blank space, followed
by the comma-separated list of variables whose values are replacing the placeholder(s), with
a blank space after each comma, followed by a close parenthesis, followed by the statement
terminator. For example:

printf(“The subject eats an average of %f servings of fruit per day.
”,
average_daily_fruit_servings_eaten);

18. Newlines in printf statements. Every line of output text MUST end with a newline.
The last (or only) printf statement for a particular line of output text MUST have a
newline
as the LAST characters in its string literal, immediately before the double
quote. See above for examples.

19. scanf: EVERY scanf statement MUST have the following structure: indentation,
followed by the word scanf, followed by an open parenthesis, followed by a double quote,
followed by the text of the string literal including placeholder(s), followed by a double quote,
followed by a comma, followed by a blank space, followed by the comma-separated list of
variables whose values are being input — each preceded by an ampersand & with no blank
space after the ampersand — with a blank space after each comma, followed by a close
parenthesis, followed by the statement terminator. For example:

scanf(“%f”, &average_daily_fruit_servings_eaten);

20. Newlines in scanf statements are FORBIDDEN. A scanf statement CANNOT have
a newline
anywhere in its string literal. See above for an example.

21. String literals MUST NOT have carriage returns embedded inside them. So, the following

printf(“This is a very long sentence so it needs
to be broken into pieces.
”);

The output text above MUST be broken into multiple printf statements, so the following
statements are GOOD:

printf(“This is a very long sentence so it needs”);
printf(” to be broken into pieces.
”);

Note that the resulting line of output text MUST be less than 80 characters long, preferably
no more than 72.

22. Once you’ve created your script file, you are ABSOLUTELY FORBIDDEN to alter your
script file IN ANY WAY, EVER. (But, you may replace it with a completely new script file.)

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EXTRA CREDIT
You can receive an extra credit bonus of as much as 5% of the total value of PP#2 by doing the
following:

1. Attend at least one regularly scheduled CS1313 help session for at least 30 minutes, through
Wed Feb 15.

2. During the regularly scheduled help session that you attend, work on CS1313 assignments
(ideally PP#2, but any CS1313 assignment is acceptable). YOU CANNOT GET EXTRA
CREDIT IF YOU DON’T WORK ON CS1313 ASSIGNMENTS DURING THE HELP
SESSION.

3. Before you leave the regularly scheduled help session, fill out BOTH halves of the form on
the last page of this project specification and have the help session leader (instructor or TA)
sign BOTH halves. THE FORM CANNOT BE SIGNED UNTIL IT IS COMPLETELY
FILLED OUT IN INK. Use of pencil on these forms is ABSOLUTELY FORBIDDEN.

4. Attach the bottom half of the form to your PP#2 script printout, AFTER the script itself, and
keep the top half for your own records.

VALUE OF THE EXTRA CREDIT BONUS:

• for attending a regularly scheduled help session Mon Feb 6 – Wed Feb 8: 5% of the total
value of PP#2;
• for attending a regularly scheduled help session Mon Feb 13 – Wed Feb 15: 2.5% of the total

value of PP#2.

NOTES:

• You can only get the extra credit bonus ONCE per programming project that offers it.
• This extra credit bonus WON’T be available on any other programming project unless ex-

plicitly stated so in that project’s specification.

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CS1313 PROGRAMMING PROJECT #2 BONUS REQUEST FORM

Name Lab
Help Session Date
Help Session Time (Arrive) Help Session Time (Depart)

Instructor Signature

Keep this copy for your records.

CS1313 PROGRAMMING PROJECT #2 BONUS REQUEST FORM

Name Lab
Help Session Date
Help Session Time (Arrive) Help Session Time (Depart)

Instructor Signature

Submit this copy.