THE UNIVERSITY OF SUSSEX INFORMATICS
BSc FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION 2021 MComp THIRD YEAR EXAMINATION 2021
January 2021 (A1) Introduction to Computer Security
Candidates should answer TWO questions out of THREE. If all three questions are attempted only the first two answers will be marked.
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Each question is worth 50 marks.
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G6077 Introduction to Computer Security
a) Consider the following SQL statement and answer the questions listed
$conn= new mysqli(“localhost”, “root”, “rootUser”, “Record”); // $conn holds connection to the Record DB. $sqlQuery = “SELECT * FROM student
WHERE studentID = ‘$studentID’ AND PIN = ‘$PIN’”;
i) A malicious user wants to delete the database. What values should the malicious user provide for the $studentID and $PIN to
carry out the attack? What does the malicious user needs to assume about the database and why?
ii) Provide reasons why the SQL statement is vulnerable and modify the
code to avoid manipulation.
b) Use the RSA algorithm and the following values to answer the questions listed below. Values are: n = 2419, p=59 and e = 7. You only need to show equations with the given values, you don’t need to do calculations.
i) Find the q value;
ii) Show the equation of decryption and encryption for the given values; iii) Encrypt the message 26;
iv) Sign the message 100.
c) Suppose the fictional company BrightonTravels store their users’ passwords as hashes. For login, a programmer wants to hash passwords at the client side rather than at the server. Do you think it is a good idea or not? Explain your view. [14 marks]
a) Describe how the Diffie Hellman Key Exchange protocol allows for the
generation of a shared key. What are the possible attacks on such a protocol?
Assume that Alice and Bob have a common primitive q=23 and a primitive root 𝛼𝛼=5.
i) If Alice has public key YA=10, show the process and derive the value of Alice’s private key XA.
ii) If Bob has the public key YB = 8, what is the value of the shared secret
b) Alice wants to use AES to send emails to Bob. Which AES encryption mode would be appropriate and how will this ensure confidentiality and
integrity of the emails?
G6077 Introduction to Computer Security
a) Suppose Bobby and Alice are registered users in freeTime, a social
application. Alice refused to add Bobby as a friend. Bobby wants to develop an attack so that he can be added to Alice’ friends list without her consent. Bobby added Charlie and noted the following URL was used in the call to
add a friend:
i) Why did Bobby add Charlie first?
ii) What information can Bobby get from the URL?
iii) What else does Bobby need for the attack to happen?
iv) How an anti-CSRF token can avoid this attack?
v) What is Same Origin Policy and how it will help in avoiding this attack?
b) JohnhasarrangedablinddateforKellyandBrendan.Theyareboth cryptographers and they didn’t know each other before. John has given Kelly and Brendan a secret number K and nobody else knows K. Brendan wants to make sure that the person he is dating is actually Kelly, not somebody else. Explain how cryptographically Kelly can prove herself without revealing the secret number K.
[10 marks] c) Charles is a junior software developer who wants to learn public-key
cryptosystems to apply it in an e-commerce web application. Before applying it in his project, what are the general requirements of public-key
cryptosystems that he should be aware of?
End of paper
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